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Archive for the month “October, 2012”

Frozen Moment

Hours after the 9/11 attacks, three firefighters had spontaneously used a U.S. flag taken off a yacht and raised it in the wreckage of the World Trade Center. A newspaper photographer Thomas Franklin captured the scene, creating one of the most memorable flag raising scenes since Iwo Jima. Franklin was working for The Bergen Record newspaper of Passaic, New Jersey. When the first hit hit the Twin Towers, his editor sent him to cover the event, but it was only in that evening that he captured this iconic image.

Franklin shot the photograph shortly after 5 p.m, 8 hours after the attack. with a telephoto lens. At this time, he was standing under a pedestrian walkway across the West Side Highway that connected the center to the World Financial Center, located at the northwest corner of the World Trade Center site. Franklin said the firefighters were about 150 yards (137 m) away from him and the debris was 100 yards (91 m) beyond that. They were about 20 feet (6 m) off the ground. Franklin had hitched a ride on a tug boat across the Hudson River, arriving around noon after the towers had collapsed. He was with photographer James Nachtwey when he saw the firefighters.

Three firemen (left to right, George Johnson of Ladder 157, Dan McWilliams of Ladder 157, and Billy Eisengrein of Rescue 2)  unaware they were being caught on film  were raising an American flag amid the ruins. Franklin, who had just 30 digital frames left in his camera, captured the moment which instantly came to symbolize American resilience in the face of the murders of 2,819 innocent people.

The photograph has appeared on the covers of many publications, including Newsweek, USA Today, Parade Sunday Magazine, and People magazine. It was a Pulitzer Prize finalist and the winner of countless awards, and used for a special U.S. Postal Service stamp released in March 2002 to raise funds for families of emergency workers killed or permanently disabled as a result of the 9/11 attacks. Franklin has been a guest on radio and television shows many times, including the Today show (three times), Good Morning America, CNN, Fox Cable Network, and Oprah proving the power and meaning this image has had on America and the rest of the world.

A year after the attacks, Franklin reunited with three firefighters for a new shot of the men for his newspaper and Newsweek magazine, this time using the Statue of Liberty as the background. The flag, the day’s most famous artifact, has been missing for five years, so they had to do without.


This task was to choose one image and talk about how the photographer has captured what is going on in his surroundings. I feel the image i chose was backed up by another strong image in history and this i think added to the my article. All the images almost tell a story and this is what the photographers where trying to capture. The task overall was very interesting as i learned a lot about the history behind the photographs due to my research.



Surrealism is shaped from subconscious perceptions on reality thought up in dreams then expressed through art and photography. Lots of surrealism involves juxtapositions, this is where objects are placed together that probably naturally would not be seen together, such as clouds inside someone’s house.

Surrealism is used both in photography in paintings where they images has been thought of and people experience a “suspension of disbelief” when viewing the image created. This is where the viewer believes that the image is possible and it is of a real life situation and reality is left to one side for a short period. Surrealism creates a “suspension of disbelief” for most people as they are unaware of how the image was put together so therefore feel the image is real life. The viewer may be looking at an image where there is an elephant inside a classroom and believe this is real for a short period, without thinking logically such as, how would the elephant of got into the classroom, would there be a door big enough to fit it through etc.

Surrealism began in the early 1920’s developing out of the Dada movement in World War 1 where the centre of the movement was around Paris but the movement soon spread internationally into all types of industries from philosophy to visual arts. Surrealism was then taken up by both early photographers and artist who used their dreams to influence their work such as Salvador Dali.

Dali is well known and probably one of the most related artists towards surrealism. His famous painting “The Persistence of Memory” Melting pocket watches on a seaside is one of the most well-known surrealist artworks around today. This image was painted from what he remembered from a recent dream, it contains fairly bold colours such as the yellow on the cliffs and the blue in the sky. The sand on the beach is mainly dark brown/black and there isn’t much detail put into the sand. The image looks very dreamlike due to the colours used and the content in the painting. It is hard to tell where the light is coming from in this image due to there being a lack of obvious shadows, I think this also adds to the dreamlike look as in real life you would fairly easily be able to see where the sun was coming from but in this painting it is a lot less obvious.   One of Jerry’s images consists of a stately looking room with a Grande fireplace and a small table in the bottom left hand side of the picture that has a map on. The way the camera has been angled looks like he has used a 35mm lens but been right at the back left of the room crouching down in the corner and angling the camera up as it allows both the floor of the room and the celling to be in the same shot. The original celling has been taken out and replaced with a cloudy moody looking sky with the sun just shining through one of the clouds. The way the lighting has been set up in the room it actually looks like the sun is shining down onto the desk as the shadow on the floor looks like it has been cast by the desk blocking the sunlight. The fire place that is on the right hand side of the picture also has a lightened area on it where the ‘sun’ is shining on it. This picture has been very well planned by Jerry as he has strategically set up the lighting in this room to make it look as realistic as possible in the final print. It looks like this print is only made of two negatives; one being the room itself and the other being the celling (sky). Jerry has been very precise and exact in making sure the lines where the walls hit the sky are perfectly straight and not distorted. The contrast in this image is very good and looks like he has used a high filter in the darkroom such as a filter 5 as it has both white whites and black blacks but you can still make out every bit of detail in the room and the sky, for example the shadow that the desk is casting on the rug you can still see the pattern of the rug in the shadow.  Looking at both of these images I think it is clear that the Jerry Uelsmann image looks a lot more realistic than Dali’s painting. I think this is because the colors used in Dali’s painting are not very realistic whereas the shade of the image Jerry has produced is a lot truer to real life and I feel this gives off a much better surrealist look and I fee; the “suspense of disbelief” is a lot longer than that of Dali’s as the picture of the study is not out of the ordinary and neither is the picture of the sky it is just that they are put in the same image and juxtaposed that ads to the surrealist look/effect.

Hannah Hoch was a German woman born in 1889 who was known for her pioneering cut and stick art form the later went on to be known as photo montaging.  Instead of using images that had been taken from the same view point and perspective she chose images to montage together that had different contrasting viewpoints and when put together in a montage gave off a very surreal effect. Some of her images that she created where used to make a strong statement on racial discrimination. The images she selects to montage are not only mainly from different viewpoints she also contrasts black and white images with color prints, by doing this she is obviously not trying to make the pictures look realistic and truthful they are just meant to have an effect on the viewer hopefully getting her point across.

Chema Madoz is a Spanish surrealist photographer who uses humor in his surrealist images. He is mainly known for his black and white surrealist images where he creates the surreal scene then takes the picture of the scene instead of some other photographers who do their work on Photoshop or in the dark room creating a surrealist image. In many of his photographs he uses juxtaposing subjects in the same frame that you wouldn’t ordinarily find together, for example in one of my favorite images of his he uses the slates in a drain cover on a path as a draining rack for plates as if they were in the kitchen drying off. The image is printed in a square format so is most likely taken on a Hasselblad unless it has been cropped after the image has been taken. The camera has been positioned at head height and is looking down on to the plates in the slats of the drain cover and I think the reason for this is because if the camera was positioned lower down you would not be able to see the slats and the drain cover and maybe confused to what the plates are resting on making it confusing and ruining the blunt surrealistic feel to the image but also if the image was taken directly above the plates looking straight down it would ruin all the depth in the image making it less effective.

Surrealism was first used in advertising due to laws changing in the advertisements of cigarettes around the 1970’s that banned celebrities and people who the public looked up to such as doctors to be used in the advertisement of tobacco products so the advertising departments had to dramatically change their advertising strategies and this is where surrealism started to be used in advertising. Benson and Hedges were on of the first companies to use surrealism in one of their ads. This ad was an image of a corner of a house with a mouse hole in the wall, instead of their being a mouse next to the hole it was just a packet of B&H cigarettes. This advertisement strategy of surrealism carried through until the 1980’s where all that was needed in the Benson and Hedges advert was a small amount of gold showing and the viewers would automatically relate this to the brand. People felt proud of spotting that the image was a B&H advert and looked forward to the next poster coming out so this surrealistic advertisement strategy really worked for B&H. Silk cut also used this technique and in one of their images they just has a picture of a pair of scissors cutting some silk and the viewers related this image as  a Silk Cut advertisement.

Chema Madoz is a Spanish surrealist humor photographer, and is most well-known for his black and white surrealist photographs. This image of the plates rested in a drain cover like they would be beside a kitchen sink in a drying rack has been taken from head height looking down on them. There doesn’t seem to be any harsh light coming in from any direction so it was most likely taken on a cloudy overcast day as no obvious shadows are present either. He hasn’t filled up all the slots in the drain cover and has only used the last 4 furthest away from the camera and I think this adds to the effect as it makes it clear and obvious what the plates are resting in. Surrealism work features the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions often leading to humorous photography.

This picture if of a lipstick that is used by women to make their selves look better and at the end of the lipstick there is a false fingernail that women also use to enhance their look. The way the 2 subjects has been combined into one I think is really clever and it is acting as if the lipstick is the finger and the false nail is actually growing out of the lipstick giving it a very surrealistic look. There is light coming from both the right and left hand side of the image but the light on the right hand side of the image is stronger and you can tell this by the slight shadow casted by the lipstick on the left hand side of the image.  The camera has been placed level with the middle section of the lipstick and then positioned so the lipstick has a equal width of background each side.

This picture is of a used match that has been burnt 1/3rd of the way down but at a glance it still looks like it is on fire due to the grain of the piece of wood the match is resting on. The camera has been positioned directly above the match and piece of wood to give it the effect that it is still alight, because of the angle the image was taken it almost looks like the match has been glued onto an upright wall/fence. As the image was taken on a Hasselblad and using black and white film it enhances the surrealist effect as it makes it harder to see that the “flame” isn’t real.


I find surrealism a very interesting subject and i also feel a i know a fair bit about it due to picking it as one of my four modules while studying Photography at A level. This past experience with surrealism gave me a good idea of the images i already liked and also key points to talk about. Overall i found this a very interesting topic to create a article on for the magazine.

Olympic Stadium

Formula 1 proposed track layout with 20corners and 6km circuit.

The London 2012 Olympic stadium has a permanent lower-tier capacity of 25,000 and flexible temporary steel and concrete upper tier to hold a further 55,000 that can be dismantled after the Games, it is set to be the new national home for athletics and host to the IAAF 2017 World Athletics Championships. It is hoped it will be used for concerts and other cultural and arts events. In addition four bids for use have also been received from West Ham United, Intelligent Transport Services in association with Formula One, UCFB College of Football Business and Leyton Orient.

Vladimir Umanets


The Russian-born founder of the Yellowism movement has claimed responsibility for daubing the words Vladimir Umanets, A Potential Piece of Yellowism’ in black ink in the bottom right hand corner of one of Rothko’s Seagram valuable paintings at around 3.25pm on the 7th of October 2012. The painting damaged does not have a price but other paintings by the russian born artist often fetch tens of millions of pounds.

Myth: Loch NessMonster

“We’ll give them their monster,” Duke told his son. Ian Wetherell and his father took the completed contraption and a camera to the Loch and photographed it on a quiet bay, then sank the evidence in the mud at the edge of the lake. The undeveloped film was then passed to Chambers and on to Colonel Wilson, who had them developed. He then sold them photo to the Daily Mail. The conspirators were quite unprepared for the publicity the photo generated and apparently decided not to admit the hoax. The story stayed unknown for over sixty years.

Tim Dinsdale borrowed a movie camera from believer turned sceptic Maurice Burton. Close to the end of his first visit to the loch in 1960, Tim saw a dark hump in the water and viewed it through binoculars. It appeared to have a mahogany coloured patch on the side and then started to move across the loch. Tim filmed the object in long bursts, stopping to rewind the clockwork mechanism as necessary, then the object appeared to submerge and move parallel to the far shore throwing up a huge wake.
When the film was examined the hump appeared dark and some have claimed that a paddle action can be seen in the sequence where the object moved parallel to the shore.
The film was shown on the Panorama programme in the early sixties and provided the final impetus for the formation of the Loch Ness Phenomenon Investigation Bureau set up by Richard Fitter, (Sir) Peter Scott, Constance Whyte and David James M.P.
In 1966 the film was examined by the Royal Air Force’s Joint Air Reconnaissance Intelligence Centre who made estimates of the size of the object and also stated that it was “probably animate”.George Edwards spends his life on the loch taking tourists out on his boat Nessie Hunter IV. But this image is the one that’s convinced him that there really is a monster out there. It shows a mysterious dark hump moving in the water towards Urquhart Castle.
“I was just about to return to Temple Pier (in Drumnadrochit) and I went to the back of the boat which was facing the pier and that’s when I saw it,” said the 60-year-old.
After watching the object for five to ten minutes, Mr Edwards said it slowly sank below the surface and never resurfaced.
“I’m convinced I was seeing Nessie as I believe in these creatures. Far too many people have been seeing them for far too long,” he said.
“The first recorded sighting was in 565AD and there have been thousands of eye witness reports since then.

“All these people can’t be telling lies. And the fact the reports stretch over so many years mean there can’t just be one of them. I’m convinced there are several monsters.”
Steve Feltham, who has dedicated the past 21 years to hunting for Nessie was unequivocal.
“It is the best photograph I think I have ever seen,” he said.
From his base on Dores beach he has studied many Nessie sighting photographs.
“I think the images are fantastic – that’s the animal I have been looking for all this time,” he said yesterday.
“I would say it doesn’t prove what Nessie is, but it does prove what Nessie isn’t, a sturgeon which is a fish that has been put forward as one of the main explanations as to what Nessie could be but this hasn’t got a serrated spine like the sturgeon.”
Mr Edwards took the photo at 9am on 2nd November last year on a compact Samsung digital camera that he always keeps on the boat.
Before releasing it publicly he sent it to the USA for analysis, though he can’t reveal further details.
“I did not want to mention my sighting until I was sure that I had not photographed a log or something inanimate in the water,” he said.
“I have friends in the USA who have friends in the military. They had my photo analyzed it and they have no doubt that I photographed an animate object in the water. I was really excited as I am sure that some strange creatures are lurking in the depths of Loch Ness.”

This video shows drawings and pictures of the loch ness monster collected over many years to try and prove that the monster is real. Although some of these images are obviously edited in Photoshop and put together to show what the monster is suppose to look like there are other images in this video that are old and taken on analogue cameras. Although it is still possible to edit images in the darkroom from the film of a analogue camera it is a lot harder to do than digitally and the age of the images and the way the look suggest they haven’t been enhanced in the darkroom to try and make people believe the creature exist it just looks like the creature was actually captured on camera in more than one of the images showed in this video.,r:4,s:0,i:83The Surgeon’s photo, which has become iconic for Nessies. It was first published in the Daily Mail on 21 April 1934

The loch ness monster is said to be a similar creature to a long line of plesiosaurs. The sightings has often been described as a mix of hoaxes and wishful thinking but despite this it still remains one of the most famous examples of Cryptozoology.


The term “monster” was reportedly applied for the first time to the creature on 2 May 1933 by Alex Campbell, the water bailiff for Loch Ness and a part-time journalist, in a report in the Inverness Courier. On 4 August 1933, the Courier published as a full news item the assertion of a London man, George Spicer, that a few weeks earlier while motoring around the Loch, he and his wife had seen “the nearest approach to a dragon or pre-historic animal that I have ever seen in my life”, trundling across the road toward the Loch carrying “an animal” in its mouth. Other letters began appearing in the Courier, often anonymously, with claims of land or water sightings, either on the writer’s part or on the parts of family, acquaintances or stories they remembered being told. These stories soon reached the national (and later the international) press, which described a “monster fish”, “sea serpent”, or “dragon”, eventually settling on “Loch Ness Monster”. On 6 December 1933 the first purported photograph of the monster, taken by Hugh Gray, was published in the Daily Express, and shortly after the creature received official notice when the Secretary of State for Scotland ordered the police to prevent any attacks on it. In 1934, interest was further sparked by what is known as The Surgeon’s Photograph. In the same year R. T. Gould published a book, the first of many that describe the author’s personal investigation and collected record of additional reports pre-dating 1933. Other authors have claimed that sightings of the monster go as far back as the 6th century.


This was my first attempt at creating a article on Illustrator. Once i got the basics of how to create a text box and to move subject fields around i soon got into editing the background and making the article look good. As it was my first research task i chose it on something familiar and something i had heard of before. This i feel helped me as it saved time on research that could then be spent on making the article look aesthetically pleasing and getting to grips with the new software.

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